Category Archive: windows vista

DUAL BOOT

Many PC gamers find that their old favorite title does not work with the latest greatest version of Windows available. The MBR has a 2 TB limit while the new GPT has an 18 EB limit. The older MBR can support 4 primary partitions per hard disk and more extended partitions. The GUID GPT can …

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WINDOWS SUPPORT LIFECYCLE

Windows logo

 Microsoft releases new versions of Windows every few years. Microsoft also releases service packs and platform updates periodically. Following many questions Microsoft has now released a support matrix. This provides the exact dates for general availability and the last day of support (Windows updates). Each version of Windows will have 5 years of mainstream support. …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/windows-support-lifecycle/

LIST OF GAMES FEATURING 64-BIT ENGINES

A few games offered 64-bit versions to enthusiasts to experiment with. WIndows XP x64 was popular as it could use 4GB or more memory and it offered much easier memory management. This list is compiled from game system requirements. 2014 saw a trickle of 64-bit games while 2015 saw a flood of 64-bit games. 2016 …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/list-of-games-featuring-64-bit-engines/

ERROR CODE 37

Error code 37 means there was a problem with the device driver, This has been know to occur when the driver is damaged for one reason or another. To fix the problem the device driver disk is needed to reinstall it from the driver package.. Testing a beta build of Windows sometimes trashes the driver …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/error-code-37/

WIN32K.SYS

WIN32K.SYS is a low level component of WIndows. It’s the kernel side of the Windows subsystems. The includes the graphical user interface infrastructure including the USER, GDI and DirectX. DirectX is handled by DXH.SYS. USER32.DLL and IMM32.DLL make up the window manager. GDI32.DLL MSIMG32.DLL make up GDI. D3D8THK.DLL is the DirectX thunk. TWSRC_32.DLL is the print driver. WINSRV.DLL …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/win32k-sys/

ERROR CODE 0x80072F8F

This error code has been seen with problems in Windows activation. This occurs when the system clock is not set correctly. To the problem reboot the machine and enter the BIOS and set the correct date and time. Then restart the machine and you find Windows will activate properly. If you are installing Windows 10, …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/error-code-0x80072f8f/

WINDOWS DIRECTX GRAPHICS INFRASTRUCTURE

DirectX Graphics Infrastructure (DXGI) is a user-mode component of Windows Vista and higher which provides a mapping between particular graphics APIs such as Direct3D 10.0 and above and the graphics kernel, which in turn interfaces with the user-mode Windows Display Driver Model driver. DXGI provides objects to handle tasks such as enumerating graphics adapters and …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/windows-directx-graphics-infrastructure/

DPC_WATCHDOG_VIOLATION BSOD

This bug check indicates that the DPC watchdog executed, either because it detected a single long-running deferred procedure call (DPC), or because the system spent a prolonged time at an interrupt request level (IRQL) of DISPATCH_LEVEL or above. The value of Parameter 1 indicates whether a single DPC exceeded a timeout, or whether the system …

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WINDOWS VISTA

Windows Vista was released generally on January 30, 2007. Vista is now in extended support which will expire April 10, 2017. Service pack 2 improves the performance of Vista to the same level as Windows 7. Windows Vista will install on a machine with 512 MB of RAM and a 1 GHz processor. Realistically a …

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MALWARE AND SECURITY

Malware became apparent early on with the personal computer. Over time security tools became available to combat the problem. Windows Vista and above come with Windows Defender which provides some modicum of security. Other security programs were expected to complement or replace it. In practice many used Windows with no additional security programs in place. …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/malware-and-security/

DESKTOP WINDOW MANAGER

The Desktop Window Manager is a compositing window manager. This means that each program has a buffer that it writes data to; DWM then composites each program’s buffer into a final image. By comparison, the stacking window manager in Windows XP and earlier (and also Windows Vista and Windows 7 with Windows Aero disabled) comprises …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/desktop-window-manager/

WINDOWS DISPLAY DRIVER MODEL

Video cards all have to fulfill some basic functionality to be able to boot DOS etc. Worse they also have to have a small BIOS to contain the bit mask for the characters on the DOS VGA display. Over time the CPU has evolved considerably as engineers have figured out how to ramp up the …

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SYSTEM PROTECTION

System protection is a new feature with Windows Vista and above. It works with NTFS disks which support shadow copies. Generally it works like system restore with files so that if a problem like a bad driver or bad windows update will not cause problems. Everyone knows how bad video card drivers can be, In …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/system-protection/

GAMES INCOMPATIBLE WITH WINDOWS VISTA

We have another list of games with known issues from Windows XP. This list originally was compiled for Windows 7. Since then we have installed XP, Vista, 7 and 8 on the gaming rig to maximize compatibility. We have many old games. Unfortunately some games are not compatible with Windows 7 SP1 while others of …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/games-incompatible-with-windows-vista/

BITLOCKER

Bitlocker is an encrypting file system that was designed in part to protect the boot process in Windows. Bitlocker also protects personal files. If a machine is reset, personal files are not recoverable but the machine can be put to use as a new machine. Bitlocker shipped with Windows Vista Business and ultimate. More recent …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/bitlocker/

64-BIT PC GAMES

The move to 64-bit Windows has make the PC the top choice for gaming today. Here at Hardcore Games we used Windows XP x64 right from release day onwards. We used 64-bit Windows XP for chess which is incredibly demanding on CPU performance in addition to demanding staggering amounts of memory. For years, video games made do with …

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64-BIT WINDOWS: VRAM

Video cards have long had more than 512MB VRAM so again x64 is needed to be fully exploit the card. VRAM is shadowed in main memory. The DMA controller copies the assembled frame while the CPU works on the next one. With the GTX Titan X 12GB, at least 32GB of memory is needed to …

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64-BIT WINDOWS: CRAM IT WITH RAM

32-bit Windows games are limited to 2048MB of main memory and 512MB video memory. 64-bit Windows is backwards compatible with existing games while providing many more resources for the new generation of games. Most gaming rigs have 4 memory slots, we strongly suggest using 4 identical sticks for best results. Some Intel motherboards may have …

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MICROSOFT VIRTUAL PC

In 2004 Microsoft released Virtual PC to the public as a free download. It allowed users the ability to run separate Windows session in a window. The Virtual PC 2004 release could run DOS and up easily. We tried a Windows 95 disk as well as a Windows 98 SE disk and we could run …

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Permanent link to this article: https://hardcoregames.azurewebsites.net/microsoft-virtual-pc/

REMOTE DESKTOP

Remote Desktop as it is know today first was provided to Window XP and Windows Server 2003. Previously Terminal Services was used with earlier versions of Windows NT. Remote Desktop connections are available with the professional versions of Windows. This is not available with the home versions. Remote Desktop uses the same accounts as local …

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